C#


How to convert XHTML to PDF in C#

 

In this blog post I will illustrate how you could convert an XHTML page into PDF using the flying-saucer library. This is a Java library so we need to first step would be to convert it to a .NET assembly.

I will use the IKVM.NET Bytecode Compiler (ikvmc.exe) for this purpose. So go ahead and download both the flying-saucer library and the IKVM project. Then run the following command:

(more…)


LINQ to XML and reading large XML files

LINQ to XML makes it relatively easy to read and query XML files. For example consider the following XML file:

Suppose you would like to find all records with groupid > 2. You could be tempted to issue the following query:

There’s a flaw in this method. XElement.Load method will load the whole XML file in memory and if this file is quite big, (more…)


Dynamic methods in .NET

Using reflection to invoke methods which are not known at compile time might be problematic in performance critical applications. It is roughly 2.5-3.0 times slower than direct method calls. Here’s a sample test I’ve conducted:

Here are the results:

Method CPU units
Direct method invocation 796
Reflection method invocation 1986

So using reflection to perform a single property read is 2.5 slower than direct property access.

Dynamic methods can be used to generate and execute a method at run time, without having to declare a dynamic assembly and a dynamic type to contain the method. They are the most efficient way to generate and execute small amounts of code. (more…)


Transactional NTFS (part 1/2)

Transactional NTFS and DotNet

Starting from Windows Vista and Windows Server 2008, Microsoft introduced a great new feature called Transactional NTFS (TxF).

It allows developers to write file I/O functions that are guaranteed to either succeed completely or fail completely.
Unfortunately there are no classes in the .NET framework that would allows us to perform, such operations.
We need to resort to P/Invoke to use the newly introduced functions CreateTransaction, CommitTransaction, RollbackTransaction and DeleteFileTransacted. (more…)


Playing with FindFirstFile and FindNextFile

Enumerating files in .NET is easy. Everybody knows the GetFiles method and you may be tempted to write code like this :

But if you look closer you will notice that this method returns an array of strings. This could be problematic if the directory you search contains lots of files. The method will block until it performs the search and once it finishes it will load all the results into memory. It would be much better if it just returned an IEnumerable. That’s exactly what the EnumerateFiles method does in .NET 4.0. Unfortunately in .NET 3.5 there’s nothing for the job.

In this post I will show how to implement this functionality using the FindFirstFile and FindNextFile functions. (more…)


Fun with matrix multiplication and unsafe code 1

In this post I will compare two methods that perform matrix multiplication. We start by defining the Matrix class:

Next we add the first algorithm to the Matrix class which performs a naive multiplication:

The second method uses unsafe code: (more…)